An overview for expatriate professionals

The world's second largest country has a strong attraction for expatriate professionals.  A stable and diverse economy, huge natural resources, excellent education and career opportunities and a high standard of living have enticed immigrants from across the globe. 

There are abudant opportunities for physicians and health professionals in Canada's excellent healthcare systems. Family physicians are in high demand as are specialists in internal medicine, psychiatry, anaesthesia, general surgery, paediatrics and obstetrics and gynaecology.

Basic Facts

Capital: Ottawa

Major Cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver

Population: 37.6 million

Currency: Candadian Dollar C$ (CAD)

Official Languages: English and French

Geography

Located in  North America, Canada has ten provinces and three territories which extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.

Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. 

Canada has an endless variety of landscapes and nature spread across six time zones: sky-high mountains, glinting glaciers, spectral rainforests and remote beaches are all in abundance with a host of local characters including polar bears, grizzly bears, whales and moose.

The terrain  makes for a fantastic playground. Whether it's snowboarding Whistler's mountains, surfing Nova Scotia's swells, wreck diving in the turquoise waters off the Bruce Peninsula or kayaking the white-frothed South Nahanni River in the Northwest Territories, adventures abound.


Economy

Canada is one of the world's most developed countries with a highly globalized economy. Services dominate the economy and employ 75% of the workforce but natural resources (forrestry and petroleum) mining and manufacturing (aviation and automobiles) are important components. 

Canada is one of the few developed nations that are net exporters of energy. Atlantic Canada possesses vast offshore deposits of natural gas, and Alberta also hosts large oil and gas resources.

The vastness of the Athabasca oil sands and other assets results in Canada having a 13 percent share of global oil reserves, comprising the world's third-largest share after Venezuela and Saudi Arabia.

 Canada is additionally one of the world's largest suppliers of agricultural products; the Canadian Prairies are one of the most important global producers of wheat, canola, and other grains.

The country is a leading exporter of zinc, uranium, gold, nickel, platinoids, aluminum, steel, iron ore, coking coal, lead, copper, molybdenum, cobalt, and cadmium.


Health Services

Healthcare in Canada is delivered through the provincial and territorial systems of publicly funded health care, informally called Medicare.

 30 percent of Canadians' healthcare is paid for through the private sector. This mostly goes towards services not covered or partially covered by Medicare, such as prescription drugs, dentistry and optometry. 

Approximately 65 to 75 percent of Canadians have some form of supplementary health insurance.


Working as a physician in Canada

Each province and territory in Canada has its own College of Physicians and Surgeons for the licensing of family physicians and specialists. 

Physicians are employed by hospitals or clinics on a salaried basis or practise independently billing for every item of service (fee for service).

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