Global Health Issues 2020: Australia

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Sarah Peddie

Health issues are always evolving which means countries and continents all around the world are having to face different challenges in tackling them. In 2020, the whole world has faced challenges with trying to tackle the novel coronavirus that has taken hold of nearly every country. Despite this being a massive issue, there are still many other health issues that still need to be tackled.

In this article, we take a look at what health issues are present in Australia in 2020.

Covid-19 

As we all know by now, the novel coronavirus has taken control of the whole world and cost so many people their lives. The problem with this is that there is no known cure for the virus as we were made aware of its presence in December 2019. There is currently a race to find a vaccine to tackle the virus and make people immune.

Australia has so far had over 25,900 cases of coronavirus throughout the country and just over 660 deaths. The country has already suffered from a second wave of the virus. The first wave occurred in March when cases were on the rise around the world. The second wave kicked in at the end of July/beginning of August.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of deaths in the country. It is the cause of 27 percent of all deaths throughout Australia and it is estimated that around 1.2 million people have one or more CVD. More than one in four deaths in the population are due to heart diseases. 

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the biggest CVD’s that kill many Australians every year. CHD causes a blockage in the arteries that are supplying blood to the heart. In 2016, it was the leading cause of deaths in males, accounting for 13 percent of deaths with just over 10,000 dying from the disease. It had killed over 8,000 women that year as well. 

Lung Cancer  

Cancer is the biggest contributor to the ‘disease burden’ in Australia and accounting for around 19 percent of the total burden. However, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women. 

It is estimated that over 13,200 cases of lung cancer have been discovered in 2020 already and, again, it is estimated that around 8,000 people will die from lung cancer this year. 

Alzheimers/Dementia 

It is said that 1 in 11 people in Australia aged 65 and over have dementia and it results in more deaths than Coronary Heart Disease in women.

Around 459,000 people are currently living with a type of dementia in the country and this figure is estimated to increase to over 1 million by 2058.

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