Emergency medicine physicians, also known as accident and emergency physicians, are first line providers of care for undifferentiated and unscheduled patients with illnesses, injuries and behavioural abnormalities requiring immediate attention. They require expert skills in triage, diagnosis and resuscitation as well as a detailed knowledge of many medical and surgical specialities.
Emergency physicians generally practice in hospital emergency departments, pre- hospital settings via emergency medical services and intensive care units, but may also work in primary care settings such as urgent care clinics. Emergency Medicine physicians complete a residency training programme in Emergency Medicine and obtain a board certification or fellowship in Emergency Medicine. Some emergency medicine physicians undertake further training in subspecialist fields such as palliative care, critical care medicine, medical toxicology, wilderness medicine, paediatric emergency medicine, sports medicine, disaster medicine, tactical medicine, ultrasound, pain medicine, pre-hospital emergency medicine , or undersea and hyperbaric medicine.
Australia's strong economy, hot, sunny climate and relaxed, outdoor lifestyle make it a top expatriate destination. Immigration to Australia restrictions have tightened recently but demand for highly skilled workers in specific fields is strong, salaries are among the highest in the world and education and postgraduate training excellent. Australia’s cities are consistently cited at the top of world rankings of the best places in the world to live. Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide are the largest cities of Australia.
Australia is a highly developed country with the world’s twelfth largest economy and the sixth highest per capita income. It is a major regional power with the 13th highest military expenditure. It has an immigrant population of 26% of the total population. Australia ranks highly in terms of human development index, quality of life, health, life expectancy, education and literacy, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights.
Australia has a strong market economy with a high GDP per capital and low rate of poverty. The service sector of the economy accounts for 70% of GDP and includes tourism, education and financial services. Rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, minerals, gold and energy.