Dermatologists are specialist physicians who diagnose and treat diseases of the skin, hair and nails. The dermatologist role has both medical and surgical aspects and offers opportunities to practice subspecialist fields of dermatology including aesthetic dermatology (cosmetic dermatology), paediatric dermatology, dermatopathology, immunodermatology and Mohs surgery for dermatological tumour excision.

Dermatologists must complete residency or specialist training in dermatology and obtain a board or specialist certification in dermatology.

Canada's highly sophisticated economy, advanced technology and enviable living standards make it a magnet for expatriate workers seeking to develop their careers. Opportunities for skilled medical professionals abound in the more remote areas and sometimes in the major cities.

Comprised of ten provinces and three territories, each with its own regulatory framework for professionals and separate taxation structures, career opportunities and remuneration vary considerably across the country.

Demand for general practitioners and family physicians is high in the more remote areas and expertise and experience in rural medicine, resuscitation and surgical technique is a plus for physicians. Shortages of specialist physicians exist in many provinces.