Cardiologists are Internists who specialise in the diagnosis and and treatment of disorders of the heart and circulatory system. The speciality of Cardiology includes the management of congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, valvular disease, cardiac failure and cardiac arrhythmias. Cardiologists may work in general non – interventional cardiologist roles treating a wide variety of conditions medically or they may undertake further training in specialised fields including interventional cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology and echocardiology.
The common incidence of cardiac disorders combined with their good prospects for successful treatment, make cardiologists highly sought after in most areas of the world in both generalist and specialised roles. In more remote areas and district general hospitals, a combination of internal medicine and cardiology skills are often sought in a role which combines acute internal medicine with general non – interventional cardiology in a secondary care setting.
In advanced diagnostic centres and tertiary care hospitals, more specialised practice of cardiology is sought and most roles will require specialist skills in interventional cardiology, electrophysiology or echocardiography.
Australia's strong economy, hot, sunny climate and relaxed, outdoor lifestyle make it a top expatriate destination. Immigration to Australia restrictions have tightened recently but demand for highly skilled workers in specific fields is strong, salaries are among the highest in the world and education and postgraduate training excellent. Australia’s cities are consistently cited at the top of world rankings of the best places in the world to live. Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide are the largest cities of Australia.
Australia is a highly developed country with the world’s twelfth largest economy and the sixth highest per capita income. It is a major regional power with the 13th highest military expenditure. It has an immigrant population of 26% of the total population. Australia ranks highly in terms of human development index, quality of life, health, life expectancy, education and literacy, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights.
Australia has a strong market economy with a high GDP per capital and low rate of poverty. The service sector of the economy accounts for 70% of GDP and includes tourism, education and financial services. Rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, minerals, gold and energy.