The Allergist and Immunologist is a physician who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the immune system which includes medical conditions such as asthma and eczema as well as specific allergies to foods, medicines, environmental agents such as pollen and insect stings. Allergists and Immunologists train as internists or paediatricians before undertaking further sub specialist training in the field of allergy and immunology.
Australia's strong economy, hot, sunny climate and relaxed, outdoor lifestyle make it a top expatriate destination. Immigration to Australia restrictions have tightened recently but demand for highly skilled workers in specific fields is strong, salaries are among the highest in the world and education and postgraduate training excellent. Australia’s cities are consistently cited at the top of world rankings of the best places in the world to live. Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide are the largest cities of Australia.
Australia is a highly developed country with the world’s twelfth largest economy and the sixth highest per capita income. It is a major regional power with the 13th highest military expenditure. It has an immigrant population of 26% of the total population. Australia ranks highly in terms of human development index, quality of life, health, life expectancy, education and literacy, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights.
Australia has a strong market economy with a high GDP per capital and low rate of poverty. The service sector of the economy accounts for 70% of GDP and includes tourism, education and financial services. Rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, minerals, gold and energy.